• End Stage Renal Disease

    Posted on November 29, 2010 by in Featured

    Keeping with National Diabetes Month, we will be discussing End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) this week.  Diabetes is the most common cause of ESRD and ESRD impacts all of the body’s major organs.

    ESRD occurs when there is permanent failure of the kidneys meaning the kidneys no longer having the ability to regulate electrolytes, remove waste, and concentrate urine.

    ESRD may occur after a person has suffered chronic kidney failure (which may span over a period of one to two decades).  Treatment for the disease includes dialysis or a kidney transplant.  Additionally, individuals may be placed on a restricted diet and be given medications to increase their urine output.

    Symptoms of ESRD vary and may include:

    • Fatigue
    • Decreased muscle strength
    • Decreased fine motor coordination
    • Hypotension
    • Decreased joint range
    • A temporary loss of consciousness
    • Loss of sensation
    • Visual loss and decreased visual acuity
    • Peripheral neuropathy such as tremors or foot drop
    • Changes in mental status such as drowsiness and decreased attention span

    With all the possible symptoms and complications related to ESRD home safety issues may be of particular concern for the individual with ESRD and their family members/caregivers.  Simple things such as using a grab barand tub bench/bath stool may be beneficial.  Click here to learn more about fall prevention.

    Source: Medline Plus and Emedicine


  • Anonymous

    Hello, I’m a medical assistant and like your post so much. The kidneys can be damaged via several mechanisms. The two most common causes of kidney failure are hypertension and diabetes. There are several other mechanisms of injury including atherosclerosis causing occlusion of the arteries to the kidneys, infection, immunologic factors and obstruction of the collecting systems.Thanks! @VICTORIA:)