Picture Courtesy: National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health
Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is a chronic, painless, eye disease where there is deterioration of the macula. The macula, part of the retina, is the part of the eye that has the sharpest central vision and allows us to see precise details. Someone with AMD has central vision loss. This vision loss can impact performance of daily activities such as:
Symptoms of AMD include:
AMD is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in Americans 65 years old and older. There are two forms of AMD, the wet and dry forms.
Wet Form: This form of AMD affects approximately 10-15% of individuals with the disease. It occurs when blood vessels in the retina that have grown beneath the macula, break and leak blood and fluids. This breakage damages the macula, pulling it away from its original location. The leaking results in damage that creates blind spots in the central vision.
Dry Form: This form affects approximately 85-90% of individuals with AMD. It occurs when cells in the macula slowly deteriorate resulting in blurred central vision. As the disease progresses, the individual experiences more blurred vision and gradually loses their central vision. There are 3 stages of dry form AMD, they are:
Risk Factors for AMD include:
Treatment for the Wet form of AMD includes:
Treatment for the Dry form of AMD includes
Taking specific formulas of antioxidants and zinc To find out more about treatments for AMD click here: Visionaware.org