Picture Courtesy: National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health
Low vision deficits can impact an individual’s ability to age in place. Low vision can negatively affect daily life activities such as putting on makeup, shaving, doing laundry, reading the newspaper, and watching TV. February is low vision awareness month and this week, we will be discussing cataracts.
The lens is the part of the eye that helps focus an image or light on the retina. For the retina to receive a sharp image, the lens should be clear. In the case of cataracts, the lens is clouded, resulting in blurred vision. With time, cataracts may grow, making it more difficult to see.
There are 3 types of age related Cataracts:
Other types of cataracts that are not related to aging include:
Most cataracts are related to aging. By age 80, more than 50% of all Americans have a cataract or have had cataract surgery. However, some people begin to develop cataracts in their 40s and 50s. These cataracts tend to be small and do not affect vision. After age 60 however, many cataracts can cause people to have a decline in vision.
Other Risk Factors for Cataracts include:
Symptoms of Cataracts include:
The symptoms of early cataract may be improved with new eyeglasses, brighter lighting, anti-glare sunglasses, or magnifying lenses. When non invasive treatments don’t help surgery may be needed. To learn more about cataract surgery and the different types of cataract surgeries, visit: National Eye Institute