Picture Courtesy: National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve. Someone with glaucoma has increased fluid pressure in their eyes. This pressure in the eye builds, and can damage the optic nerve.
Types of Glaucoma
Normally, fluid leaves the eye chamber at the open angle, where the cornea and iris meet. The fluid flows like a drain leaving the eye. However, this is not the case for people with glaucoma. Along the way, the fluid pressure builds, resulting in increased eye pressure.
Open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of glaucoma. With Open-angle glaucoma,fluid leaving the eye passes slowly, resulting in increased fluids and pressure that can damage the optic nerve.
Another type of glaucoma is Angle closure glaucoma. It is not as prevalent among those with the disease, however, people with this type of glaucoma experience eye pressure that rises very quickly. With this type of the disease, the drainage canals become blocked or covered. People can experience symptoms that include:
To learn more about the different types of glaucoma visit, National Eye Institute
Glaucoma can steal your vision. One of the dangers of this disease is that initially there are no symptoms, and vision remains normal. However, as the disease progresses, more complications can occur.One symptom of Glaucoma is loss of peripheral vision
Risk Factors for Glaucoma increase:
Medications including eye drops and pills, conventional and laser surgeries are used to treat Glaucoma. To learn more about Glaucoma treatment, click here.