• Glaucoma

    Posted on February 22, 2010 by in Featured

    Picture Courtesy: National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health


    Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage  the optic nerve.  Someone with glaucoma has increased fluid pressure in their eyes. This pressure in the eye builds, and can damage the optic nerve.

    Types of Glaucoma

    Normally, fluid leaves the eye chamber at the open angle, where the cornea and iris meet.  The fluid flows like a drain leaving the eye.  However, this is not the case for people with glaucoma.  Along the way, the fluid pressure builds, resulting in increased eye pressure.

    Open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of glaucoma.   With Open-angle glaucoma,fluid leaving the eye passes slowly, resulting in increased fluids and pressure that can damage the optic nerve.

    Another type of glaucoma is Angle closure glaucoma.  It is not as prevalent among those with the disease, however, people with this type of glaucoma experience eye pressure that rises very quickly.  With this type of the disease, the drainage canals become blocked or covered.  People can experience symptoms that include:

    • Blurred vision
    • Headaches
    • Nausea
    • Eye pain

    To learn more about the different types of glaucoma visit, National Eye Institute

    Glaucoma can steal your vision.  One of the dangers of this disease is that initially there are no symptoms, and vision remains normal.  However, as the disease progresses, more complications can occur.One symptom of Glaucoma is loss of peripheral vision

    Risk Factors for Glaucoma increase:

    • With a family history of glaucoma the disease
    • In people over age 60
    • For African Americans over the age of 40
      • African Americans are 5x more likely to have glaucoma than Caucasians
      • African Americans are 4x more likely to be blinded by glaucoma than Caucasians
      • Glaucoma is 15x more likely to cause blindness among African Americans between the ages of 45-64 than Caucasians in that age group


    Medications including eye drops and pills, conventional and laser surgeries are used to treat Glaucoma.  To learn more about Glaucoma treatment, click here.

    Source:  National Eye Institute and Glaucoma.org